More Kilometers Per Liter!

More Kilometers Per Liter!

How to make every drop last longer!

How to make every drop last longer

1 Drive between 45-55 kmph

will waste petrol. Tests on Indian cars prove that you can get better mileage at 45-55 kmph against 80 kmph.Drive slow and steady. The faster you go. the more wind resistance your vehicle will face. If you drive at speeds above 60 kmph, you


·       Avoid unnecessary acceleration or deceleration.

·       Tests show that a reduction in speed leads to no appreciable rise in commuting time. Much less than what most people think.

Keep your engine healthy

Tests on large number of cars prove that one can save as much as 6% by tuning the car regularly. If the engine emits black smoke, has poor bulling power or consumes large quantities of oil, get it checked immediately at an authorised garage. A delay may prove more expensive in terms of petrol and oil as compared to the cost of an overhaul


·       Use of bi-metallic spark plugs saves over 1.5% fuel and reduces exhaust emissions too.

·       Get your car serviced at every 5000 kms. or as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.

Drive in the correct gear, alwa s

Incorrect gear shifting can lead to as much as 20% increase in fuel consumption. Start your car in the 1st gear only, except if you are in a muddy patch or going downhill- then engage the 2nd gear.


·       For city driving, change to higher gear when you are sure the engine will not struggle. Get into top gear as soon as possible.

·       Select the gear as per the speed of vehicle.

·       Use same gear for uphill and downhill journey.

Maximize use of 5th gear

As soon as you touch around 40-45 kmph. shift to top gear and stay within the speed range of 45-55 kmph. It is wrong to assume that top gear is only meant for high speed driving on highways. Remember to use top gear as often as possible at speeds above 45 kmph. While

slowing down upto 40 kmph, you need not shift down to lower gears but continue in top gear. Use of top gear reduces fuel consumption considerably.

5 Clean air filter regularly

Air filter prevents dust from fouling the engine. Dust causes rapid wear of engine components and increases fuel consumption.


·       Cylinder bores wear out 45 time faster in engines without air-cleaners.

·       Clean air filters at every tune-up.

6 Good braking habits

Avoid applying brakes by anticipating stops and curves well in advance. “Stop-and-Go” driving wastes fuel. When you slam on the brakes, a lot of useful engergy is wasted in the form of heat. A good driver always anticipates stops

7. Keep your foot off the clutch

Use clutch only when you change gears. Riding the clutch causes loss of energy and damages clutch-linings.


·       Use handbrake when vehicle needs to be stopped on a gradient and don’t forget to release it when restarting.

·       Don’t manipulate the clutch and accelerator to stay stationary because it wastes fuel.

8 Don’t wait for your car engine to warm u

 Instead, drive in low gear till the engine warms up. Use choke brieflyonlywhen necessary.


·       At ambient temperature and below, your fuel consumption per kilometre doubles when you make trips of kms. or less. So combine trips.

·       Do not park a car so that you need to reverse with a cold engine. This will consume more fuel.

·       Install engine heating system (in cold regions) in your car if it does not have one.


Watch your tyre pressure

Under inflated tyres increase rolling resistance, which leads to higher petrol/diesel/CNG consumption.


·       Tests show that a 25% decrease in tyre pressure can

cost you 5-10% more on petrol/diesel/CNG and 25% on tyre life.

·       Use radial tyres for 3-7% fuel economy- longer tyre life and greater riding comfort.

When you stop your car, stop the engine

Always keep your car ready to start. Keep the battery, dynamo, self-starter and fan-belt in good condition. This will ensure a quick start whenever you need it.


• Switch off the engine at Red Lights.

11 Use recommended grade of engine oil

Check the car manual and oil manufacturer’s recommendations, before using any particular grade of oil. Always use multigrade oil equivalent to SFCC/SGCC type for added benefits.


·       Engine oil that is thicker than the recommended oil can cause 2% increase in fuel consumption.

·       Change oil filter along with engine oil.

Plan your route

Rush hour, congested route, or stop-and-go traffic, can waste fuel excessively. You will get more mileage from each litre if you take a less congested route, even though it is slightly longer.


·       Fuel consumption in a highly congested road can be much more than normal.

13 Plan your trips

Before you start on a trip, ask yourself two questions:

·          Is this trip really essential?

·          Can I combine this trip with other trips in the same direction?

Use air-conditioner only when it is essential

Air-conditioner does give comfort, but it is heavy on fuel bill. 20% more fuel is consumed when the air-conditioner is on. Judicious use of AC can result in considerable fuel saving. For fuel efficient & good cooling performance keep the intake Air-Control lever at recirculation mode & shift the blower speed to number one after the initial fast cooling at higher speeds.

15 Reduce loads

Unnecessary loads increase fuel consumption. Do you really need to carry the luggage rack?


·       A reduction of weight by 50 kg leads up to 2% saving in fuel, when driving in the city. Remember overhead racks increase wind resistance leading to higher fuel consumption.

Share your can – for car pools

Look for people who go in the same direction as you. You can share your car and the costs.


If you have made fUll use of this leaflet, please pass it on to others

More Kilometers per litre

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